Togo


Profile

Name of state:

République Togolese – Republic of Togo

system of government

Republic (presidential system)

Area:

56.785 km2

Population:

Estimation 2013: 6,444 moil. inhabitants = 113,5 inh./km2

QUELLE: International Monetary Found

Capital:

Lomé (1.570.382 inh.) (2010)

Further cities:

Sokodé (95.070), Kara (94.878), Kpalimé (75.0849, Atakpamé (69.261), Dapaong (58.474)

QUELLE: République Togolaise, Direction Générale de la Statistique et de la Comptabilité Nationale (ZRNSUS 6.11.2010)

GDP per person

1.094 US$ (IWF-Est. 2012)

HDI

Rank: 162 out of 187 states; value: 0,435 (2011)

Public Holiday:

April 27th (Independency)

International memberships:

UNO and UN specialized agencies, WTO, EU-AKP, AU, ECOWAS, UEMOA, OIF, OIC, CILSS and others

Time zone:

UTC



Situation in Africa


Geography


Location in Africa:


The microstate Togo has a coastline of 56 km of the Atlantic (gulf of Benin) and extends as a narrow strip 550 km northwards toward the interior of West Africa. The landscape consists mostly of undulating downs (up to 150. Above sea level) and a continuous sandstone-plateau (up to 500m) that starts of at the Chaîne d’Atakora (Mount Agou, 986m). The hill country flattens in the north to the Oti-plain (extensions of the Volta basin) and in the southeast to the basin of the Mono-river. The predominant landscape is savannah and one can find only remainders of forestry areas.


Climate:


In the north a tropical-damp climate dominates, therefore the precipitations teem down normally between May and October. In the south of the country there are two wet seasons: One between April and June and one between September and November. During the dry seasons the land is at a high risk of drought. The annual rainfall varies between 500 mm and 1.700 mm. The average temperatures vary within the country. In Lomé the average temperature is at 27°C in January and 25°C in July. The maximum temperature in the south is above 30°C and in the north almost at 40°C. At new years the impact of the Harmattan-winds from the Sahara can be seen on the lands.


Environment:


In 2010 the CO2-Emission from fossil fuels in Togo was at a level of 3,166 mio. t.* The ecological difficulties that Togo has to face on one hand result from the climate change (such as weather extremes: drought; heavy rain/flooding) and are on the other soil erosion, erosion on the coast line, soil and water pollution as well as environmental pollution of the capital Lomé (air, water, sewage, waste). The ecological policy focuses mainly on reducing the consequences of the climate change, preventing the advancing of the desert and to reduce the waste (i.e. prohibition of rubber bags). Togo has also signed the international convention for the conservation of biodiversity.

* US Energy Information Administration


Population


Demography:


The annual demographic growth for 2010-2015 was estimated on 2,04%. 2011 The urban population was estimated on 38,0%.


Birth rate: 31,0; deathrate: 10,3; migration: -0,3 out of 1.000 inhabitants; fertility rate: 3,86 children per woman; infant mortality rate: 67,3 (girls 60,9, boys 73,6) out of 1.000 live births; average life exspectancy: 57,8 (women 59,4, men 56,2) years; age structure: 0 to 14 years: 39,6%, 15 to 24 years: 20,8%, 25 to 59 years: 34,4%, 60 years and above: 5,2%; HIV/AIDS-rate (aged 15-49): 3.2%

Sources: UN Population Division; UNAIDS


Population movement:


In 2010 a Togolese Diaspora of about 368.700 people lives outside the country (esp. Nigeria, Ivory Coast, Benin, Burkina Faso, Niger, Gabon, France, Germany, Italy, USA). About 185.400 AUSLÄNDISCH migrants were living in Togo at this time (esp. from Benin, Ghana, Nigeria, Niger, Mali, France, Lebanon, China). At the beginning of 2012 there were 19.647 foreign refugees residing in Togo and about 20.851 Togolese refugees abroad (predominantly Benin, Ghana).

Sources: World Bank; UNHCR


Ethnic groups:


There are about 45 different folks living in Togo, which can be subdivided in five major groups: Adja-Ewé (ca. 45%, in the south); Kabyè-Tem (30 %, in the north); Para-Gourma (15%, in the high north); Akposso-Akébou (4%, in the south); Ana-Ifè (3%, in the south). “Brazilians“ (descendants of African immigrants from brazil) are existent only in a small number, but society wise they are important. Fulbe and Haussa depict important minorities.


Languages:


The official, commercial and erudite language is French. The first languages are mostly Ewé and Kabyè and related dialects as well as English (Lomé area). Ewé belongs to the Kwa-languages and Kabyè to the Gur-languages.


Religion:


The estimations to the concerning the religious affiliation vary a lot. Up to 48% of the population are Christians (Catholics {archdiocese Lomé}, protestants, members of Pentecostal churches and others), about a third is adherent of Voodoo and other traditional cults and up to 20% are Muslims (mostly Sunnites). Togo is a member of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC).


SOURCE: http://www.munzinger.de